Staying Home by Alex Smith

Last month I reviewed Getting Home by Alex Smith, this is the next installment in I assume a series of three books (I think he hinted that the next one will be “leaving home”).

Just like Getting Home, Staying Home provides a lot of food for thought and is more like a brainstorming session written down than a definitive how-to book.   It’s concise and dense with material for the relatively small size of the book.

Smith states early in the book that the material is geared towards beginner preppers or maybe people with a little bit of experience in that world.   It doesn’t go too far in-depth on most subjects, but that’s ok in some cases (i.e. beekeeping and gardening is mentioned, no need to lay out everything about those things).   Some of the material might not be earth shattering to people with a fair amount of time spent in the survival/preparedness world, but I think there’s enough bits of wisdom and disclaimers in the book that pretty much anyone will get something valuable out of it.    Off the top of my head, there’s a good segment about wells, which is something I didn’t know much about.

One thing I’ll critique a bit is that there wasn’t a whole lot about pandemics or chemical/biological threats.   There was a bit about nuclear though.    A lot of the material throughout the book applies to these kind of situations (which I think would be the ultimate holing up sitautions), but I would have liked to see more about these subjects.

All things considered, the download is about the price of a cup of coffee and worth reading to jog your mind a bit about some bugging in scenarios and how you can cope with them.


The Vermont Sail Freight Project

The Vermont Sail Freight Project



I recently heard an interview with Erik Andrus, a farmer from Vermont where he talked about this project he’s working on.   Basically they’re building a barge in order to transport organic/sustainable produce from his part of the world down to the larger markets of New York City and some of the places along the Hudson River and possibly bringing fair trade cargo (coffee, cocoa, etc.) back to Vermont.    This boat will be wind powered (i.e. it has a sail) and use no fossil fuels.

I don’t have a whole lot to say about this other than it’s a cool project and I’ll probably chip in a little on the kickstarter campaign, even if it is only $5 to get a download of their sea shanty.    That part of the world has a great navigable river/canal system that is drastically underused.   By water they can go from Montreal to New York City or they can enter into the Great Lakes (but that’s a long trip).   This could also be good for the people of Vermont who are able to produce cottage industry products/food, but might not always have the markets to sell them.

Lately Vermont really seems like a cool place.  I’m going to follow this project and see how things pan out.

Modern Farmer Magazine

Modern Farmer


My mom works for a company that does fulfillment for a ton of magazine publishers and Modern Farmer was recently added as a client.   One of her coworkers thought that I would be interested in it so they took out a subscription for me, which was nice.   I just received the inaugural issue and looked it over.

When I was told about the magazine, I looked at the webpage and figured it would be interesting enough and I expected something like Grit Magazine (a sister publication of Mother Earth News that’s a little more geared towards farming and I subscribe to both).   I’ve seen a few magazines on the newsstand that seemed like they were modeled after Mother Earth News or whatever and figured this would more or less be one of them.

My first impression was a little off.   The other magazines are more “how-to” and Modern Farmer is more “about”, if that makes sense.  I’d also say that it’s geared towards urbanites, “foodies” and/or people who are more “supporters” than “do-ers” of sustainable agriculture.  It seems like it’s more for people who daydream about an agrarian life on an organic farm, rather than the people who actually do it.

This description sounds kind of condescending and negative, but it’s really not.    I love Mother Earth News, Grit and Backwoods Home Magazine, but a lot of what they write about isn’t geared towards those of us that live in cities.   Modern Farmer seems to cater to the type of person that wants to support true sustainable agriculture and possibly dabbles in things like gardening, backyard chickens, etc and I think there’s a lot of potential for them within this niche.    More and more urban people are looking at local/sustainable food systems, taking up traditional basic skills and so on.

As far as the content goes, there were some impressive articles in this first issue.   I’ll rattle off a few:   One about organic farming in China, the issue of wild boars, mango farming in Malawi, building a seed bank (even talking about post-SHTF bartering with comments from James Wesley Rawles), humane slaughterhouses, an interview with Brazil’s agriculture minister (I might write about Brazil’s position in the world later),  rice growing in India, a write-up about different breeds of chickens and something about growing a certain herbs and vegetables for use in cocktails.     So it has a very broad and global view on sustainable agriculture.    The closest thing I can compare the content to would be Indiana Public Radio’s “Earth Eats” program.

One really strong point of the magazine is the photography.   It’s great.  I’ve never seen photography this impressive in a magazine that wasn’t a well-established one with a huge budget.   Lots of cool photos from all around the world.  As far as the layout goes, it’s very sleek and stylish – definitely geared towards a sophisticated reader.   It kind of looks like Mother Earth News meets GQ.

The downsides:  The name might be a little misleading and I could see someone more in the Mother Earth News/Backwoods Home target demographic scoffing at this for being a little too polished or to call in a phrase from the subculture world, being for “posers”.    The how-to articles seemed phoned in.   I think as long as you understand what you’re getting with Modern Farmer, you won’t regret it.

I already have a year subscription, but if I didn’t I’d go ahead and subscribe for the year.   It comes out quarterly and I’m looking forward to seeing what comes out of this.

What’s Going On With Gold and Silver?

When I woke up Monday afternoon (I work nights) I made my usual rounds on the internet, which includes Yahoo finance.  I saw an article about gold taking a beating and clicked on it and couldn’t believe what I what I read – $23 silver and gold in the $1300’s.   I never thought I’d see those prices again.    I did buy a bit of both metals last week when the prices started to decline, should’ve waited a little bit.    I went to Kitco to see the day’s chart and saw that there was already a pop-up ad asking basically asking if I just lost my ass on gold – I’m not sure what they were selling, but I was impressed with their speed, whatever it was.   I also saw a few articles talking about how the party was over with gold.     It’s kind of a bizarre feeling to wake up with the exact same things you had the day before and then to have it suddenly be worth a lot less.  :::shrugs:::

Either way, I’m really not too worried about this.   I’m looking at this as a great opportunity to acquire more.   I’ll admit I’m a little dismayed with the mining/streaming stocks that I have and starting to get antsy about the silver ETF’s that I bought last fall.      I still believe in the fundamentals of both metals.

I listened in on a conference call/webinar thing tonight talking about the precious metals market and from what I’m hearing is that many dealers of physical metals are seeing a lot more people buying and virtually no one looking to sell back their metals.  If the market was really melting down, people would be falling all over themselves to get out.     Also with most dealers Silver Eagles are about four weeks behind on orders and Silver Maples about two weeks behind.   Right now the premiums over spot are a little higher than usual, which reflects the high demand for physical metals.    Again, if the market was really falling apart, dealers would be trying to get rid of them too.    I’ve also heard reports of coin shops refusing to sell bullion now at anywhere near spot, thinking that they’ll be able to get a lot more in a short period of time.  Makes sense.    I also noticed that one small online bullion dealer conveniently picked Monday to update their server, even after just announcing that they were able to fill orders again.

Also from what I understand, virtually no physical gold (or silver) moved in this – it was all shuffled around on paper and the gold remains sitting in a London warehouse, where it’s been for quite some time.

There’s some real reasons out there for the precious metals prices to go down a little bit.   The Indian government was talking about placing a tax on gold (India is the largest consumer of gold), the US Dollar is doing good right now, the markets are inching up and unemployment is down,  Chinese growth is a little slower than expected and there’s a possibility that Cyprus will have to sell off her gold in order to pay off part of the debt.   Sure that will put some more gold on the market, but the big thing there is that if that’s the deal that they strike with Cyprus, it will probably be the deal they’ll strike with Greece, Italy, Spain and Portugal too when their day comes.

So I think instead of fretting over this I’m going to take this wonderful opportunity to build my position on precious metals at a price I believe to be a bargain.    Maybe this is a good time to splurge a little bit on the boutique rounds instead of the government issued ones or the low-price wooden nickel ones.   I was looking at some Andrew Jackson ones earlier today…




If I had just come from another planet and someone showed me this documentary and told me it was scenes of a major city in the wealthiest and most powerful nation on this planet, I wouldn’t believe it.

Detropia is a 2012 documentary by Heidi Ewing and Rachel Grady on the decline of the city of Detroit.   Some of the imagery is almost surreal, considering Detroit was at one point a showcase city for America with a vibrant middle class, well-kept neighborhoods and a ton of cultural amenities.   The city shown in this documentary is something completely different.

This documentary has no narration from the directors and the only experts they consult on this documentary are the residents of the city itself – no urban design PhDs or talking heads, just everyday people in Detroit, who come up big with a lot of frank and gut-level commentary.    Another technical plus of this documentary is that there’s very little juxtaposition of stock footage from prosperous and promising times in this one – sometimes it seems like if you’ve seen one documentary like this, you’ve seen them all due to the frequent use of stock footage.

There’s one scene that stood out of a house being torn down with a swingset in the backyard.   The swingset was almost overgrown with golden native prairie grasses, swaying in the wind.  It looked like what you would expect an abandoned homestead somewhere in the prairie states would look like, not something in the midst of one of America’s largest cities.

Another scene that stood out to me was one on the stoop of a house in a run down neighborhood with a group of black 20-somethings.   The municipal government had just brought up the idea of attempting to move residents and consolidate them in order to be able to better provide services as right now the city itself is geographically large and spread out, making efficiency difficult.   The plan was to turn over unused land into urban agriculture.    These guys were talking about the idea and were in complete disbelief over the prospect of turning the city over into gardens.   While urban agriculture makes sense to a lot of people outside of Detroit, it’s probably pretty hard to accept a prospect like that if you’re actually in Detroit and have no connection to food production.   I can see how it can be seen as admitting defeat.  I guess it’s just a matter of perspective.   I do think that urban agriculture along with decentralization is probably Detroit’s best option though (see:  Detroit: Too Big to Not Fail)

An example of the frankness of the residents was a scene involving a bar owner and ex-teacher going to the big auto show in Detroit (I forgot what it’s called, but it’s the major one).   He talks to a Chinese manufacturer of an electronic car that will retail for about $20,000.   Then he talks to some guys manning the booth for a major American manufacturer with an electronic car going for somewhere north of $40,000.   He asks them why the Chinese can do it for $20,000 left and you can see the guys get uncomfortable.   They say it’s an apples to oranges comparison .   The bar owner pushes it further and winds up with the bullshit answer “because we have more features” (which is probably true, but probably not $20,000 worth).   The bar owner then brings up the fact that these guys are saying the same things they said about Japanese automobiles when they first hit the American market and they ended the conversation there.   The discomfort was obvious…

At one point in the documentary they interview a group of guys that were in the business of collecting scrap metal.   They said the police had stopped them earlier and just wanted to make sure that they weren’t stealing anything and told them that if they got any complaints from the neighbors, they’d have to send them off, other than that they had free range at the abandoned houses.   They said they were in this business because they couldn’t find jobs elsewhere and it was the only way they could honestly make money.   They said they got 11 cents a pound for scrap steel and $2.50 for copper.   One guy made a poignant comment about how the scrap metal was often sent back to China so they could “make shit with it and sell it back to us”.     Then there was text stating that most of our scrap metal in the US is sold to China.

This is currently on streaming Netflix, so it’s worth watching if you’re into these subjects.   I don’t think that there’s any new ground covered in the way of documenting Detroit’s decay but it’s full of harrowing footage and homespun wisdom on the topic.


Finding Your Way Without Map or Compass by Harold Getty

Awesome book.    I’ve been raging on the book reviews lately, but I suppose that’s what happens when I can manage to get a lot of reading done.

This book was written shortly after World War II by expert navigator Harold Getty.   He draws on his experience as a pilot, outdoorsman and sailor as well as a traveler among primitive societies (Eskimos, Australian Aborigines, Native Americans, Polynesians, etc) who use this stuff as a matter of life and death.

One thing Getty makes clear is that he doesn’t believe that the ability to navigate comes from magic or a “sixth sense” that us modern-day Westerners like to ascribe to indigenous societies.   Instead he believes the ability to navigate comes from actually using your senses and developing them.   Reading this brings home the fact that in the modern world we have a lot of things done for us and it’s easy to not rely on them as much as ancient man did.

The book is divided up into about 20 chapters, some longer than others, based on navigating in certain environments or using certain mediums (i.e. urban, using plants, using the moon, desert, aquatic birds, etc.).   There’s definitely a lot of interesting information and since I read it a few days ago I’ve found myself trying apply a few things in the book.   Some things I’ll probably never apply, some things will probably be useful at some point.

I think the way this book should be used is to read through it to get an idea of what’s possible and then referring back to specific chapters later on for the specifics.   Some things I glossed over in the book such as the in-depth descriptions of the habits of certain nautical birds.   Definitely an interesting idea and I thought the general premise behind navigating through the birds was a worthwhile tidbit of knowledge, but no use clouding my mind with specifics right now.   I’ll probably check back with the book soon and try telling the sidereal time and some of the things with the sun.

Thinking beyond just navigation, this book has applications for situational awareness and permaculture.    Getty really stresses actively observing the environment and shows many ways you can get all kinds of information out of your surroundings.    He also gives some clues on how you can assess weather patterns in a specific area, which ties in with permaculture.

This is definitely a cool book and a good one to have in the collection if you’re into these kinds of primitive skills and believe that your mind is often your most valuable piece of gear.   I wish I would have read this one a long time ago while I was in the Marines, I think a lot of this information would have come in handy.    This is the kind of stuff that once you learn it, you’ll find yourself always using it.  There’s all kinds of things in this book that he brings up that I can’t believe I never thought of.   I’ve already started looking at all the trees around me a little differently now that I know what to look for.





Secession: How Vermont and All The Other States Can Save Themselves From The Empire by Thomas Naylor

When the topic of secession came up in the immediate aftermath of the 2012 presidential election most people associated those sentiments with the southern states, “tea baggers”, republicans in the Western States, angry conservative white men, racist rednecks, survivalists or any combination of those demographics.    Most people would be surprised to know that liberal-leaning Vermont is actually the state with the most viable secession movement in the United States.

This book is more of a manifesto than a real brass-tacks book on secession and I have to admit that author Thomas Naylor lays out a pretty good case for Vermont jumping ship. He starts off by outlining some of the looming problems facing the United States such as foreign policy blunders, peak oil, globalization, the culture of consumption, environmental problems, dwindling democracy and the high potential for an economic crisis.    The book concludes with a Q & A format on some of the technical issues of secession.

While Vermont is currently economically and politically at the low end of America’s totem pole, Naylor argues that Vermont’s smallness is exactly what would make Vermont successful as a sovereign nation.   There’s currently a culture of self-reliance intertwined with a localized communitarian spirit in Vermont that would allow them to adopt to the kind of scaled down economy envisioned in James Howard Kunstler’s World Made By Hand (Kunstler is even referenced in this book) – Naylor describes parts of Vermont that don’t seem like they’re too far away from already living like that.     Naylor also makes a case that globalization has been particularly damaging to Vermont and being able to control their own economic policies rather than those of Washington might be beneficial to Vermont.

The book describes Vermont and being socially and politically out of step with Washington and mainstream American society.   I believe it’s the only state with an independent congressman and the style of democracy preferred in Vermont tends to be at the local level (i.e. the annual town meeting day tradition) and highly populist.

His take on foreign policy is interesting – he dedicates a few pages to the Vermont Air National Guard’s F-16s and how it would be nice to have those gone.   I thought this was kind of funny because in my own state of Iowa they were talking about shutting down an ANG fighter wing and apparently the governor or a senator or someone worked out a deal to get a drone base to replace the F-16s and keep those jobs around.   Anyways, Naylor makes a case that current American foreign policy is detrimental to Vermont in terms of dollars, blood and goodwill and that if Vermont was a sovereign nation, no one would want to come harm them anyway.

He brings up a point that if states like Alaska or Hawaii (which have secessionist tendencies, of course) wanted to leave the union, the federal government wouldn’t take it lightly due to their strategic importance.   Vermont on the other hand has very little economic importance and definitely no strategic importance, so they might actually take it a little better.   Who knows?

The subtitle is “How Vermont and All The Other States Can Save Themselves From The Empire”.  What’s implied by this is that bold action from a state like Vermont could force the rest of the United States into some deep soul-searching on the way we’ve been doing business.    I certainly agree that what this country needs is a lot more decentralization one way or another.

As far as the book itself goes, I have to say I felt a little cheated by the price.  I think I paid $9 and some change for a download for 1200 lines and most of it was opinion.   I think a lower price would be a little more reasonable, but if you’re interested in the topic of secession it does give some great food for thought on the subject.     It’s a good read, but I can see how someone would feel a little let down by the price for someone’s manifesto.

I also have to say that the author did a great job of portraying Vermont’s uniqueness.   I’ve never been there or anywhere near there, but he does make it out to be a part of the country with a very distinct culture, history and way of life.    Oh, I also got a chuckle out of the author basically calling Ben and Jerry sellouts.   I’ll still destroy a pint of “Everything But The…” every now and then, but yeah, they totally sold out.


Founders by James Wesley Rawles

Maynard Hutchings Rides Again!!!

Founders is the third fiction book from survivalist luminary James Wesley Rawles in a series with Patriots and Survivors.   I believe this one came out in the last half of 2012, so it’s fairly recent.

I think Rawles’ fiction is a lot like what Don Quixote would look like if it were actually written by Don Quixote.   By that I mean that everything seems a little too fantastic and idealistic.   All of the good guys seem to be devout Christian ex-military firearms experts with hearts of gold and pockets full of silver that always manage to triumph over evil without saying any four letter words in the process.

I think the general consensus on Rawles’ fiction is that the overall writing is poor, but he manages to work in a lot of prepper/survivalist wisdom into the storyline.   I read Patriots on a whim in 2009 and thought I had stumbled on to a thinly-veiled survivalist instruction manual.   I got a lot out of that one.   I think there are other writers in this genre that do a much better job painting a mental picture of SHTF scenarios, but I can’t think of anyone who does a better job than Rawles on the technical things like gear, gadgets and throwing in a little bit of how-to on some subjects.

Ok, on to Founders…   Honestly, I don’t think this book had any real redeeming qualities.   It didn’t do a good job of informing or entertaining.   I found myself glossing over some parts and even thought about giving up around page 50 or so.   Fortunately I had a slow night at work and was able to read the lion’s share of it there.   FWIW, it got a little better after the first part.

The fact that he’s very vocal about his Christian faith doesn’t bother me, but I feel it was cranked up a notch in this book.  I found myself getting annoyed with his lengthy depiction of one character’s religious awakening while sorely neglecting every other aspect of character development in the book.   All of the good guy characters seem to blend together.     Oh, he also wrote “piss” in this one, which is about as vulgar as he gets.   I laughed when I read this.   Although I think the clean language takes away from the realism of the book, I suppose I respect his decision to stick to his guns and “keep it clean”, even though he gets a lot of flack for it.

On the technical side of things, I think Rawles came up short compared to Patriots and even Survivors.   Like I said earlier, Patriots did a great job introducing survival/preparedness topics and Survivors wasn’t too bad in this regard either.    With both books I think someone interested in these subjects could find a lot of new things to look into.   With Founders, I think only one book that was mentioned jumped out at me as something to look into….and I forgot what that was already.    I also don’t think that this one showed the same range of cultural knowledge as Survivors did.

As far as the actual stories in the book, those weren’t great either.   Nothing stood out as being that gripping or really evoking much emotion.   Books like this are supposed to be full of all kinds of hair-raising situations.   Hell, one character had his son shot and it read like a police report.

The three books in the series take place more or less concurrently, so some of the stories in this book are meant to fill in the holes on some things mentioned in the others.    This book has the final days of the UN/Maynard Hutchings government and when reading the end of the book I got the impression that Rawles lost interest in this project and just wanted to get it over with.   I can’t believe how quick and uninspiring he made this big events.

I would recommend Patriots and maybe Survivors to anyone new to the world of survivalism/preparedness with the caveat that you’re not going to get world-class storytelling, but there’s a lot of good information buried in all of that awkward dialog.   This book, not so much.   If you read the previous two and want to continue on with the stories and you’re looking for something not too heavy to read, it might be worth it.

At the end of the day, I respect Rawles and acknowledge his wisdom.   I also think I understand that his primary focus isn’t exactly writing works that will earn him a spot among the western canon, but rather sharing what he knows about survivalism/preparedness with fiction as his canvas.   If only he was a little better at story telling and character development…




Platinum and Palladium: The Other Precious Metals

Gold and silver usually get the spotlight in the world of precious metals so sometimes platinum and palladium get looked over.   I’ll admit that when I gave a presentation on PM’s in February I spent no less than an hour talking about gold and silver and probably less than five minutes talking about platinum and palladium so I’m guilty of it too.    Still, platinum and palladium have been outperforming silver and gold and that trend could continue.

In the speech I gave I basically said that from an investment perspective platinum and palladium had some of the advantages of gold and silver, a few distinct disadvantages and different dynamics.

Like gold and silver, both platinum and palladium are good ways to have a portable tangible asset with a lot of value.   Today (April 3, 2013) platinum is about $1560 and palladium is about $760.

Just like gold and silver, the demand is worldwide and they’re traded on the commodities exchange.   Someone always needs these metals, as they’re extremely important in the industrial world.   A small percentage of platinum is used for jewelry and investment and everything else is industrial demand.   This differs from gold and silver, where about 10% of gold is used for industrial purposes and silver demand is almost evenly distributed.    Theoretically speaking, if worldwide industrial demand goes up, so will these metals.  If it goes down, they could go down.

One of the downsides to these metals that I gave was that they’re not as liquid or as widely recognized as gold and silver.  You can always sell it back to the bullion dealer you purchased it from, but it might be hard to get a fair price in your local area.   Many people keep gold and silver for the potential to barter if the economic system collapses – most people couldn’t tell you the current spot price of gold and silver, but everyone knows that gold and silver are valuable and at least that gold is more valuable than silver.    There isn’t that same level of cultural familiarity with platinum and palladium.   Besides, if the S really HTF I’m sure the demand for both of these metals would be way down.     I can’t see either one being very good for barter.

The supply side of platinum and palladium is promising for investors because both are rare and mining is prone to disruptions.   South Africa is the leading producer of platinum and second largest producer of palladium.   Russia is the largest producer of palladium and second of platinum.   There’s some of both metals mined in the US and Canada, but for all practical purposes Russia and South Africa rule the roost.   Both countries are known for corruption and inefficiency and the primary palladium mines in Siberia are only accessible for a few months out of the year.    There was a labor dispute in South Africa that shook the platinum market earlier this year.

According to some reports, South Africa and Russia are planning on forming a cartel similar to OPEC around these metals.    I purchased a couple ounces of palladium a couple years ago when the price dropped due to the Russian government dumping some of their stockpile on the market in order to pay some bills.  I guess it’s more responsible than just taking on more debt, like some other governments….

Oh, platinum is so rare that all of the platinum ever mined could fit into a room about the size of the average living room.   All of the gold ever mined would fit into a cube about the size of the infield of a baseball diamond.   So if you have a little bit of platinum, you really have something special.     It takes about 10 tons of platinum ore to get one ounce of pure platinum.   It takes about 3 tons for gold, to put it into perspective.

There are also people who make a living salvaging palladium from catalytic converters (the primary use of palladium – there’s a couple grams in each one).   When the price of palladium shot up a few years ago, there were even reports of theft, kind of like when copper goes up wire theft goes up.

Ok, I’ve kind of been shooting from the hip on this one so I’ll sum up with I think that platinum and palladium are worth looking into for investment purposes and diversifying your physical assets but maybe not the best idea if you’re stacking PM’s solely under the premise that all hell will break loose someday.

Rediscovering Sardines

I think I went from age 12 through 26 without touching seafood (other than calamari once at Red Lobster).  From age 8-12 about all I’d eat in the way of seafood was canned clam chowder.    Then for some reason I absolutely couldn’t get myself to eat it.

In 2008 I went to London and walked past a popular fish & chips joint near Boylen Ground, home of West Ham United after a match.   I didn’t have anywhere to be and it smelled really good so I figured I’d give fish another shot because I really wanted to like it.   I ended up liking it and working it back into my diet since then, although I prefer terrestrial vittles.

With the exception of all the more obscure ways of preparing seafood like lutefisk and whatever that fermented shark from Iceland is called (tried that, it was the absolute worst thing I’ve ever tasted), I would have pegged sardines as the fish I would be the least enthused to eat.   I heard someone singing their praises for the health benefits a while back ago and ended up finding a good sale on the Wild Planet brand of sardines and buying a few tins.

I tried them today.   I pretty much flinched as I took the first bite and found that they really weren’t that bad.   In fact, they were pretty good – I could see myself eating them every now and then.

Why do I think this is significant enough to actually type something about it?

– They’re a very healthy food.    They’re good sources of omega 3’s, selenium, calcium, vitamin D, coQ10, potassium and iron.   There’s beneficial fats and they’re dense in protein.

– They’re convenient.  Just open and eat.   No cooking required.

–  They’re good for storage, just like other canned foods.

–  A tin of sardines is about the size of a bar of soap, so it’s easy to carry around a bit of nutritionally dense food.   It’s also easy to store a lot of nutritionally dense food in a small space with sardines, especially considering the rectangular shape of the box/tin.

–   There are a lot of concerns about eating fish because they accumulate toxins easily and virtually anywhere you’ll get fish will likely come from waters with contaminants.   As I understand it, smaller fish like sardines and anchovies tend to accumulate a lot less toxins than larger fish that are higher on the food chain (bioaccumulation) and tend to have longer lifespans.    Interestingly enough, they also contain selenium which is good for fighting things in your body that shouldn’t be there.

So yeah, I’ll probably start working these in to my diet and food storage.


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